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Kosal is a 22-year-old tuk-tuk driver from Cambodia who needs $230 to fund a hardware removal procedure.

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August 18, 2021

Kosal is a 22-year-old tuk-tuk driver from the Takeo province in Cambodia. He is happily married with two young children. Since he works in the distant city of Phnom Penh, his family stays with his parents in Takeo. In his free time, he loves to play soccer, listen to the news, sing karaoke, and meet up with friends.

In 2016, he regrettably fell from a roof after an electrical accident, causing a fracture in his left leg. His family took him to a government hospital where doctors placed hardware to heal the fracture. Despite the treatment, the fracture did not heal well and the hardware will need to be removed to avoid any further complications.

Fortunately, surgeons at our medical partner, Children’s Surgical Centre, can help. On August 18th, Kosal will undergo a hardware removal procedure, which will cost $230. This procedure will allow him to heal fully.

Kosal said, “I am thankful I could recover well, and I hope that after this hardware is out I can continue to be stronger and work hard.”

Kosal is a 22-year-old tuk-tuk driver from the Takeo province in Cambodia. He is happily married with two young children. Since he works in ...

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Kosal's Timeline

  • August 18, 2021

    Kosal was submitted by Sieng Heng at Children's Surgical Centre.

  • August 18, 2021

    Kosal received treatment at Kien Khleang National Rehabilitation Centre in Cambodia. Medical partners often provide care to patients accepted by Watsi before those patients are fully funded, operating under the guarantee that the cost of care will be paid for by donors.

  • August 20, 2021

    Kosal's profile was published to start raising funds.

  • October 8, 2021

    Awaiting Kosal's treatment update from Children's Surgical Centre.


    Kosal is currently raising funds for his treatment.

Funded by 1 donor

Funded by 1 donor

ORIF / Fracture
  • Cost Breakdown
  • Diagnosis
  • Procedure
On average, it costs $230 for Kosal's treatment
Hospital Fees
Medical Staff
  • Symptoms
  • Impact on patient's life
  • Cultural or regional significance

​What kinds of symptoms do patients experience before receiving treatment?

Patients who experience painful fractures or recurrent dislocations need ORIF (open reduction internal fixation) surgeries to heal the injuries. Most often, these fractures and dislocations result from traffic accidents. ORIF procedures require the insertion of metal plates, screws, or rods to stabilize the bones while they heal. Bowleg procedures also require the insertion of hardware, such as staples, in order to realign the legs. Bowleg can be caused both by genetics and by vitamin and mineral deficiencies. However, surgeons may decide to remove the hardware. The most common reason for hardware removal is pain or loss of mobility and range of motion around the ORIF site. Other reasons include infection, nerve damage, incomplete healing of the bone, or an allergy to the implant.

​What is the impact on patients’ lives of living with these conditions?

Living with hardware fixation causes pain, limits function, and can interfere with daily activities.

What cultural or regional factors affect the treatment of these conditions?

There is a high rate of traffic accidents in Cambodia because of a lack of helmet usage and weak enforcement of traffic laws. These accidents cause many of the fractures and bone dislocations that our medical partner sees.

  • Process
  • Impact on patient's life
  • Risks and side-effects
  • Accessibility
  • Alternatives

What does the treatment process look like?

During an ORIF procedure, the deformed or broken bone is correctly aligned into its normal position. Steel rods, screws, or plates are used to keep the bone fracture stable and allow it to heal. Sometimes, bone grafting is needed to promote healing. During hardware removal, surgeons use the previous incisions to find and remove the hardware. In some cases, additional incisions are made to safely perform the operation.

What is the impact of this treatment on the patient’s life?

Patients will experience restored function and mobility. They will also have reduced pain. Patients can be independent again and return to work, school, and family life.

What potential side effects or risks come with this treatment?

This surgery is low-risk and extremely effective.

How accessible is treatment in the area? What is the typical journey like for a patient to receive care?

Rural Cambodians often self-medicate or seek treatment from traditional healers because they cannot afford treatment at local clinics or hospitals. Many patients are referred to CSC by word of mouth.

What are the alternatives to this treatment?

There is no alternative to this treatment.

Meet another patient you can support

100% of your donation funds life-changing surgery.

Meet another patient you can support

100% of your donation funds life-changing surgery.