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Duncan is a toddler from Kenya who needs $700 to fund hypospadias surgery.

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December 4, 2019

Duncan is a young boy from Kenya, who was 1 month old when he was diagnosed with distal hypospadias. This is a condition where the urethral opening is abnormally placed. His mother took him to the nearest hospital and was referred to a Watsi partner hospital.

In March 2018, she brought Duncan to Kijabe and had one successful surgery performed on him. Duncan needs a second surgery to complete his treatment but his family faces a financial crisis to pay for it.

Duncan is the second born of two children and lives with his parents and sibling in Eastern Kenya. His parents are peasant farmers without an external source of income. They are not able to raise the funds needed.

Our medical partner, African Mission Healthcare Foundation, is requesting $700 to cover the total cost of his procedure and care.

“I am more hopeful than ever, that my son will get treated,” says Duncan’s mother.

Duncan is a young boy from Kenya, who was 1 month old when he was diagnosed with distal hypospadias. This is a condition where the urethral ...

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Duncan's Timeline

  • December 4, 2019

    Duncan was submitted by Robert Kariuki, Process Coordinator at African Mission Healthcare, our medical partner in Kenya.

  • December 05, 2019

    Duncan's profile was published to start raising funds.

  • December 06, 2019

    Duncan was scheduled to receive treatment at BethanyKids Kijabe Hospital (BKKH). Medical partners often provide care to patients accepted by Watsi before those patients are fully funded, operating under the guarantee that the cost of care will be paid for by donors.


    Duncan is currently raising funds for his treatment.

  • TBD

    Awaiting Duncan's treatment update from African Mission Healthcare.

Funded by 12 donors

Funded by 12 donors

Hypospadius Repair
  • Cost Breakdown
  • Diagnosis
  • Procedure
On average, it costs $700 for Duncan's treatment
Hospital Fees
Medical Staff
  • Symptoms
  • Impact on patient's life
  • Cultural or regional significance

​What kinds of symptoms do patients experience before receiving treatment?

Hypospadias is a congenital defect in which the opening of the urethra is on the underside of the penis. The urethra is the tube that drains urine from the bladder. In males, the opening of the urethra is normally at the end of the penis. Symptoms of hypospadias vary. This condition may cause genital malformation and urinary dysfunction. It can lead to infections, social stigma, and infertility.

​What is the impact on patients’ lives of living with these conditions?

If this condition is not repaired, it can lead to urinary dysfunction, genital malformation, infertility, and increased risk of urinary tract infections.

What cultural or regional factors affect the treatment of these conditions?

Hypospadias is one of the most common birth defects in boys. It is the most frequent congenital urological anomaly, occurring in 1–3 per 1,000 live births.

  • Process
  • Impact on patient's life
  • Risks and side-effects
  • Accessibility
  • Alternatives

What does the treatment process look like?

After surgery, the patient is monitored closely and discharged from the hospital after five days. Stitches will be removed during a follow-up appointment.

What is the impact of this treatment on the patient’s life?

The urethra will be corrected, improving urinary function.

What potential side effects or risks come with this treatment?

This is a low-risk procedure, and the impact of this surgery lasts a lifetime. If the patient has complicated hypospadias, he may need to undergo further surgery. Follow-up visits with a urologist may also be needed, particularly when patients reach puberty.

How accessible is treatment in the area? What is the typical journey like for a patient to receive care?

There are few quality care centers in the region. Hospitals lack adequate resources and expertise to treat this condition.

What are the alternatives to this treatment?

Surgery is not required for mild cases. Otherwise, there is no alternative.

Meet another patient you can support

100% of your donation funds life-changing surgery.


Sable is a four-year-old girl from Burma. She lives with her parents, two sisters, and two brothers in Karen State, Burma. Two of her siblings attend school, while the oldest two siblings help manage the family’s farm. Sable’s parents are rice farmers and Sable is a nursery student. Over one year ago, while Sable and her friends were playing inside the house, her friend accidentally pushed her near the top of the ladder (which serves as the stairs separating two floors). She fell down the ladder, hitting her face and head against the ladder and concrete floor. According to her parents, she was unconscious for four minutes but when she woke up, she seemed fine. After the fall, her face was bruised, she lost one tooth, and there was significant swelling on the backside of her head. In addition to severe bruising and swelling, her left eye was protruding from the eye socket. The day after the accident, her parents brought her to the nearest hospital, which took about one hour by motorbike. At the hospital, the doctor suspected the bump on the back of her head was pus-filled and attempted to aspirate it with a syringe. During the procedure, the bleeding was uncontrollable, such that her parents had to apply pressure to help stop the bleeding. Her parents were upset because they thought the doctor would at least order a CT scan or additional tests. Afterwards, the doctor discharged Sable with some medication. After that, her parents tried relying on traditional medicine (like turmeric and oil) for two months, but there was no improvement. Finally, Sable's parents took her to Mae Tao Clinic (MTC) and MTC referred her to Watsi partner's Mae Sot Hospital for a CT scan. Currently, she still has a bulging left eye and bump on the backside of her head. Doctors want Sable to undergo a CT scan, a procedure in which x-ray images taken from several angles are combined to produce cross-sectional images of the body. This scan will hopefully help doctors diagnose her condition and formulate an appropriate treatment plan. Our medical partner, Burma Children Medical Fund, is requesting $414 to cover the cost of Sable's CT scan and care, scheduled for January 31st. Her parents shared, “We want to treat and take care of our children, but we can’t afford the medical costs.”

1% funded

$409to go

Meet another patient you can support

100% of your donation funds life-changing surgery.